The Hindutva ideology — distinct from that of Hinduism which stresses ideals of brotherhood and Vasudeva Kutumbakam (“Though nations might be mired in conflict, civilizations co-exist”) — was given a political by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar when he formed the RSS in 1925.
To really get to the heart of India’s recent majoritarian turn, a look into the ideology that drives such hatred is necessary.
The possibility of losing a large portion of their numbers sharpened the minds of high-caste Hindu leaders, who began at this point to vociferously claim Dalits as fellow Hindus and to accuse the colonial state of conspiring to undermine Hinduism by divide-and-rule tactics
Sangh Pariwar considers Manusmriti as the divine code of conduct. It interprets the status of women as depicted in the text as Hindu divine law. He divides Hindus into four varnas and grades them. Manu grants privilege to swarnas and imposes penalties on the shudras