Ideology

The Hindutva ideology — distinct from that of Hinduism which stresses ideals of brotherhood and Vasudeva Kutumbakam (“Though nations might be mired in conflict, civilizations co-exist”) — was given a political by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar when he formed the RSS in 1925.

To really get to the heart of India’s recent majoritarian turn, a look into the ideology that drives such hatred is necessary.

modi-hitler

Ashis Nandy correctly identified Modi as a fascist in 1992

‘Modi is a classic, clinical case of a fascist with a clear paranoid and obsessive personality traits,’ wrote the renowned sociologist

Before the 20th century Dalits were neither counted as nor identified as Hindus

The possibility of losing a large portion of their numbers sharpened the minds of high-caste Hindu leaders, who began at this point to vociferously claim Dalits as fellow Hindus and to accuse the colonial state of conspiring to undermine Hinduism by divide-and-rule tactics

Manusmriti: Hand chopping for Dalits, male control over women

Sangh Pariwar considers Manusmriti as the divine code of conduct. It interprets the status of women as depicted in the text as Hindu divine law. He divides Hindus into four varnas and grades them. Manu grants privilege to swarnas and imposes penalties on the shudras

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“The worst about the new constitution of Bharat is that there is nothing Bharatiya about it. Manu’s Laws were written long before Lycurgus of Sparta or Solon of Persia. To this day his laws as enunciated in the Manusmriti excite the admiration of the world and elicit spontaneous obedience and conformity. ”